Flutter 非常丰富的消息气泡效果合集

这个消息气泡可以用于社交的聊天气泡,或者其他长按弹出的效果,

应用场景挺多,主要是用于学习。

先上效果图

点击查看原图

1.BubbleWidget封装

  • 通过系统的Canvas绘制
/// 气泡组件封装
///
/// created by hujintao
/// created at 2019-10-21
//

import 'dart:math';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

enum BubbleArrowDirection { top, bottom, right, left, topLeft }

class BubbleWidget extends StatelessWidget {
  // 尖角位置
  final position;

  // 尖角高度
  var arrHeight;

  // 尖角角度
  var arrAngle;

  // 圆角半径
  var radius;

  // 宽度
  final width;

  // 高度
  final height;

  // 边距
  double length;

  // 颜色
  Color color;

  // 边框颜色
  Color borderColor;

  // 边框宽度
  final strokeWidth;

  // 填充样式
  final style;

  // 子 Widget
  final child;

  // 子 Widget 与起泡间距
  var innerPadding;

  BubbleWidget(
    this.width,
    this.height,
    this.color,
    this.position, {
    Key key,
    this.length = 1,
    this.arrHeight = 12.0,
    this.arrAngle = 60.0,
    this.radius = 10.0,
    this.strokeWidth = 4.0,
    this.style = PaintingStyle.fill,
    this.borderColor,
    this.child,
    this.innerPadding = 6.0,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    if (style == PaintingStyle.stroke && borderColor == null) {
      borderColor = color;
    }
    if (arrAngle < 0.0 || arrAngle >= 180.0) {
      arrAngle = 60.0;
    }
    if (arrHeight < 0.0) {
      arrHeight = 0.0;
    }
    if (radius < 0.0 || radius > width * 0.5 || radius > height * 0.5) {
      radius = 0.0;
    }
    if (position == BubbleArrowDirection.top ||
        position == BubbleArrowDirection.bottom) {
      if (length < 0.0 || length >= width - 2 * radius) {
        length = width * 0.5 - arrHeight * tan(_angle(arrAngle * 0.5)) - radius;
      }
    } else {
      if (length < 0.0 || length >= height - 2 * radius) {
        length =
            height * 0.5 - arrHeight * tan(_angle(arrAngle * 0.5)) - radius;
      }
    }
    if (innerPadding < 0.0 ||
        innerPadding >= width * 0.5 ||
        innerPadding >= height * 0.5) {
      innerPadding = 2.0;
    }
    Widget bubbleWidget;
    if (style == PaintingStyle.fill) {
      bubbleWidget = Container(
          width: width,
          height: height,
          child: Stack(children: <Widget>[
            CustomPaint(
                painter: BubbleCanvas(context, width, height, color, position,
                    arrHeight, arrAngle, radius, strokeWidth, style, length)),
            _paddingWidget()
          ]));
    } else {
      bubbleWidget = Container(
          width: width,
          height: height,
          child: Stack(children: <Widget>[
            CustomPaint(
                painter: BubbleCanvas(
                    context,
                    width,
                    height,
                    color,
                    position,
                    arrHeight,
                    arrAngle,
                    radius,
                    strokeWidth,
                    PaintingStyle.fill,
                    length)),
            CustomPaint(
                painter: BubbleCanvas(
                    context,
                    width,
                    height,
                    borderColor,
                    position,
                    arrHeight,
                    arrAngle,
                    radius,
                    strokeWidth,
                    style,
                    length)),
            _paddingWidget()
          ]));
    }
    return bubbleWidget;
  }

  Widget _paddingWidget() {
    return Padding(
        padding: EdgeInsets.only(
            top: (position == BubbleArrowDirection.top)
                ? arrHeight + innerPadding
                : innerPadding,
            right: (position == BubbleArrowDirection.right)
                ? arrHeight + innerPadding
                : innerPadding,
            bottom: (position == BubbleArrowDirection.bottom)
                ? arrHeight + innerPadding
                : innerPadding,
            left: (position == BubbleArrowDirection.left)
                ? arrHeight + innerPadding
                : innerPadding),
        child: Center(child: this.child));
  }
}

class BubbleCanvas extends CustomPainter {
  BuildContext context;
  final position;
  final arrHeight;
  final arrAngle;
  final radius;
  final width;
  final height;
  final length;
  final color;
  final strokeWidth;
  final style;

  BubbleCanvas(
      this.context,
      this.width,
      this.height,
      this.color,
      this.position,
      this.arrHeight,
      this.arrAngle,
      this.radius,
      this.strokeWidth,
      this.style,
      this.length);

  @override
  void paint(Canvas canvas, Size size) {
    Path path = Path();
    path.arcTo(
        Rect.fromCircle(
            center: Offset(
                (position == BubbleArrowDirection.left)
                    ? radius + arrHeight
                    : radius,
                (position == BubbleArrowDirection.top)
                    ? radius + arrHeight
                    : radius),
            radius: radius),
        pi,
        pi * 0.5,
        false);
    if (position == BubbleArrowDirection.top) {
      path.lineTo(length + radius, arrHeight);
      path.lineTo(
          length + radius + arrHeight * tan(_angle(arrAngle * 0.5)), 0.0);
      path.lineTo(length + radius + arrHeight * tan(_angle(arrAngle * 0.5)) * 2,
          arrHeight);
    }
    path.lineTo(
        (position == BubbleArrowDirection.right)
            ? width - radius - arrHeight
            : width - radius,
        (position == BubbleArrowDirection.top) ? arrHeight : 0.0);
    path.arcTo(
        Rect.fromCircle(
            center: Offset(
                (position == BubbleArrowDirection.right)
                    ? width - radius - arrHeight
                    : width - radius,
                (position == BubbleArrowDirection.top)
                    ? radius + arrHeight
                    : radius),
            radius: radius),
        -pi * 0.5,
        pi * 0.5,
        false);
    if (position == BubbleArrowDirection.right) {
      path.lineTo(width - arrHeight, length + radius);
      path.lineTo(
          width, length + radius + arrHeight * tan(_angle(arrAngle * 0.5)));
      path.lineTo(width - arrHeight,
          length + radius + arrHeight * tan(_angle(arrAngle * 0.5)) * 2);
    }
    path.lineTo(
        (position == BubbleArrowDirection.right) ? width - arrHeight : width,
        (position == BubbleArrowDirection.bottom)
            ? height - radius - arrHeight
            : height - radius);
    path.arcTo(
        Rect.fromCircle(
            center: Offset(
                (position == BubbleArrowDirection.right)
                    ? width - radius - arrHeight
                    : width - radius,
                (position == BubbleArrowDirection.bottom)
                    ? height - radius - arrHeight
                    : height - radius),
            radius: radius),
        pi * 0,
        pi * 0.5,
        false);
    if (position == BubbleArrowDirection.bottom) {
      path.lineTo(width - radius - length, height - arrHeight);
      path.lineTo(
          width - radius - length - arrHeight * tan(_angle(arrAngle * 0.5)),
          height);
      path.lineTo(
          width - radius - length - arrHeight * tan(_angle(arrAngle * 0.5)) * 2,
          height - arrHeight);
    }
    path.lineTo(
        (position == BubbleArrowDirection.left) ? radius + arrHeight : radius,
        (position == BubbleArrowDirection.bottom)
            ? height - arrHeight
            : height);
    path.arcTo(
        Rect.fromCircle(
            center: Offset(
                (position == BubbleArrowDirection.left)
                    ? radius + arrHeight
                    : radius,
                (position == BubbleArrowDirection.bottom)
                    ? height - radius - arrHeight
                    : height - radius),
            radius: radius),
        pi * 0.5,
        pi * 0.5,
        false);
    if (position == BubbleArrowDirection.left) {
      path.lineTo(arrHeight, height - radius - length);
      path.lineTo(0.0,
          height - radius - length - arrHeight * tan(_angle(arrAngle * 0.5)));
      path.lineTo(
          arrHeight,
          height -
              radius -
              length -
              arrHeight * tan(_angle(arrAngle * 0.5)) * 2);
    }
    path.lineTo((position == BubbleArrowDirection.left) ? arrHeight : 0.0,
        (position == BubbleArrowDirection.top) ? radius + arrHeight : radius);
    path.close();
    canvas.drawPath(
        path,
        Paint()
          ..color = color
          ..style = style
          ..strokeCap = StrokeCap.round
          ..strokeWidth = strokeWidth);
  }

  @override
  bool shouldRepaint(CustomPainter oldDelegate) {
    return true;
  }
}

double _angle(angle) {
  return angle * pi / 180;
}

2.气泡组件使用

注意事项

  • 必填参数
    • 宽度 ScreenUtil().setWidth(326),
    • 高度 ScreenUtil().setWidth(64),
    • 背景颜色 Color(0xff333333),
    • 位置 BubbleArrowDirection.bottom
  • 可选参数
    • 箭头宽度 length: ScreenUtil().setWidth(20)
    • 箭头高度 arrHeight : ScreenUtil().setWidth(12)
    • 箭头读书 arrAngle: 75.0,
    • 子Widget与起泡间距 innerPadding
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:flutter_screenutil/flutter_screenutil.dart';
import 'package:fpdxapp/components/bubble/bubble_widget.dart';

class BubblePage extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: ListView(children: <Widget>[
        SizedBox(
          height: 20,
        ),

        ///1- 复制删除,撤回消息-气泡BottomRight
        Padding(
            padding: EdgeInsets.all(4.0),
            child: BubbleWidget(
              ScreenUtil().setWidth(326),
              ScreenUtil().setWidth(64),
              Color(0xff333333),
              BubbleArrowDirection.bottom,
              length: ScreenUtil().setWidth(20),
              child: Row(
                mainAxisSize: MainAxisSize.max,
                children: <Widget>[
                  // 复制按钮
                  GestureDetector(
                    onTap: () {},
                    child: Container(
                      child: Center(
                        child: Text(
                          '复制',
                          style: TextStyle(
                              color: Color(0xffE4E4E4),
                              fontSize: ScreenUtil().setSp(20)),
                        ),
                      ),
                      width: ScreenUtil().setWidth(108),
                      height: ScreenUtil().setWidth(64),
                    ),
                  ),
                  // line
                  Container(
                      width: ScreenUtil().setWidth(1),
                      color: Color(0xff707070)),
                  // 删除按钮
                  GestureDetector(
                    onTap: () {},
                    child: Container(
                      child: Center(
                        child: Text(
                          '删除',
                          style: TextStyle(
                              color: Color(0xffE4E4E4),
                              fontSize: ScreenUtil().setSp(20)),
                        ),
                      ),
                      width: ScreenUtil().setWidth(108),
                      height: ScreenUtil().setWidth(64),
                    ),
                  ),
                  // line
                  Container(
                      width: ScreenUtil().setWidth(1),
                      color: Color(0xff707070)),
                  // 撤回按钮
                  GestureDetector(
                    onTap: () {},
                    child: Container(
                      child: Center(
                        child: Text(
                          '撤回',
                          style: TextStyle(
                              color: Color(0xffE4E4E4),
                              fontSize: ScreenUtil().setSp(20)),
                        ),
                      ),
                      width: ScreenUtil().setWidth(108),
                      height: ScreenUtil().setWidth(64),
                    ),
                  ),
                ],
              ),
              arrHeight: ScreenUtil().setWidth(12),
              arrAngle: 75.0,
              innerPadding: 0.0,
            )),
        SizedBox(
          height: 5,
        ),

        ///2- 复制删除,撤回消息-气泡BottomLeft
        Padding(
          padding: EdgeInsets.all(4.0),
          child: BubbleWidget(
            ScreenUtil().setWidth(326),
            ScreenUtil().setWidth(64),
            Color(0xff333333),
            BubbleArrowDirection.bottom,
            length: ScreenUtil().setWidth(250),
            child: Row(
              mainAxisSize: MainAxisSize.max,
              children: <Widget>[
                // 复制按钮
                GestureDetector(
                  onTap: () {},
                  child: Container(
                    child: Center(
                      child: Text(
                        '复制',
                        style: TextStyle(
                            color: Color(0xffE4E4E4),
                            fontSize: ScreenUtil().setSp(20)),
                      ),
                    ),
                    width: ScreenUtil().setWidth(108),
                    height: ScreenUtil().setWidth(64),
                  ),
                ),
                // line
                Container(
                    width: ScreenUtil().setWidth(1), color: Color(0xff707070)),
                // 删除按钮
                GestureDetector(
                  onTap: () {},
                  child: Container(
                    child: Center(
                      child: Text(
                        '删除',
                        style: TextStyle(
                            color: Color(0xffE4E4E4),
                            fontSize: ScreenUtil().setSp(20)),
                      ),
                    ),
                    width: ScreenUtil().setWidth(108),
                    height: ScreenUtil().setWidth(64),
                  ),
                ),
                // line
                Container(
                    width: ScreenUtil().setWidth(1), color: Color(0xff707070)),
                // 撤回按钮
                GestureDetector(
                  onTap: () {},
                  child: Container(
                    child: Center(
                      child: Text(
                        '撤回',
                        style: TextStyle(
                            color: Color(0xffE4E4E4),
                            fontSize: ScreenUtil().setSp(20)),
                      ),
                    ),
                    width: ScreenUtil().setWidth(108),
                    height: ScreenUtil().setWidth(64),
                  ),
                ),
              ],
            ),
            arrHeight: ScreenUtil().setWidth(12),
            arrAngle: 75.0,
            innerPadding: 0.0,
          ),
        ),

        SizedBox(
          height: 5,
        ),

        ///3- 复制删除,撤回消息-气泡TopLeft
        Padding(
            padding: EdgeInsets.all(4.0),
            child: BubbleWidget(
              ScreenUtil().setWidth(326),
              ScreenUtil().setWidth(64),
              Color(0xff333333),
              BubbleArrowDirection.top,
              length: ScreenUtil().setWidth(20),
              child: Row(
                mainAxisSize: MainAxisSize.max,
                children: <Widget>[
                  // 复制按钮
                  GestureDetector(
                    onTap: () {},
                    child: Container(
                      child: Center(
                        child: Text(
                          '复制',
                          style: TextStyle(
                              color: Color(0xffE4E4E4),
                              fontSize: ScreenUtil().setSp(20)),
                        ),
                      ),
                      width: ScreenUtil().setWidth(108),
                      height: ScreenUtil().setWidth(64),
                    ),
                  ),
                  // line
                  Container(
                      width: ScreenUtil().setWidth(1),
                      color: Color(0xff707070)),
                  // 删除按钮
                  GestureDetector(
                    onTap: () {},
                    child: Container(
                      child: Center(
                        child: Text(
                          '删除',
                          style: TextStyle(
                              color: Color(0xffE4E4E4),
                              fontSize: ScreenUtil().setSp(20)),
                        ),
                      ),
                      width: ScreenUtil().setWidth(108),
                      height: ScreenUtil().setWidth(64),
                    ),
                  ),
                  // line
                  Container(
                      width: ScreenUtil().setWidth(1),
                      color: Color(0xff707070)),
                  // 撤回按钮
                  GestureDetector(
                    onTap: () {},
                    child: Container(
                      child: Center(
                        child: Text(
                          '撤回',
                          style: TextStyle(
                              color: Color(0xffE4E4E4),
                              fontSize: ScreenUtil().setSp(20)),
                        ),
                      ),
                      width: ScreenUtil().setWidth(108),
                      height: ScreenUtil().setWidth(64),
                    ),
                  ),
                ],
              ),
              arrHeight: ScreenUtil().setWidth(12),
              arrAngle: 75.0,
              innerPadding: 0.0,
            )),

        SizedBox(
          height: 5,
        ),

        ///4- 复制删除,撤回消息-气泡TopRight
        Padding(
          padding: EdgeInsets.all(4.0),
          child: BubbleWidget(
            ScreenUtil().setWidth(326),
            ScreenUtil().setWidth(64),
            Color(0xff333333),
            BubbleArrowDirection.top,
            length: ScreenUtil().setWidth(250),
            child: Row(
              mainAxisSize: MainAxisSize.max,
              children: <Widget>[
                // 复制按钮
                GestureDetector(
                  onTap: () {},
                  child: Container(
                    child: Center(
                      child: Text(
                        '复制',
                        style: TextStyle(
                            color: Color(0xffE4E4E4),
                            fontSize: ScreenUtil().setSp(20)),
                      ),
                    ),
                    width: ScreenUtil().setWidth(108),
                    height: ScreenUtil().setWidth(64),
                  ),
                ),
                // line
                Container(
                    width: ScreenUtil().setWidth(1), color: Color(0xff707070)),
                // 删除按钮
                GestureDetector(
                  onTap: () {},
                  child: Container(
                    child: Center(
                      child: Text(
                        '删除',
                        style: TextStyle(
                            color: Color(0xffE4E4E4),
                            fontSize: ScreenUtil().setSp(20)),
                      ),
                    ),
                    width: ScreenUtil().setWidth(108),
                    height: ScreenUtil().setWidth(64),
                  ),
                ),
                // line
                Container(
                    width: ScreenUtil().setWidth(1), color: Color(0xff707070)),
                // 撤回按钮
                GestureDetector(
                  onTap: () {},
                  child: Container(
                    child: Center(
                      child: Text(
                        '撤回',
                        style: TextStyle(
                            color: Color(0xffE4E4E4),
                            fontSize: ScreenUtil().setSp(20)),
                      ),
                    ),
                    width: ScreenUtil().setWidth(108),
                    height: ScreenUtil().setWidth(64),
                  ),
                ),
              ],
            ),
            arrHeight: ScreenUtil().setWidth(12),
            arrAngle: 75.0,
            innerPadding: 0.0,
          ),
        ),
        SizedBox(
          height: 5,
        ),

        // 气泡右
        Padding(
            padding: EdgeInsets.all(4.0),
            child: Container(
                alignment: Alignment.centerRight,
                child: BubbleWidget(200.0, 40.0, Colors.blue.withOpacity(0.7),
                    BubbleArrowDirection.right,
                    child: Text('你好,我是BubbleWidget!',
                        style:
                            TextStyle(color: Colors.white, fontSize: 14.0))))),
        Padding(
            padding: EdgeInsets.all(4.0),
            child: Container(
                alignment: Alignment.bottomLeft,
                child: BubbleWidget(300.0, 40.0, Colors.red.withOpacity(0.7),
                    BubbleArrowDirection.top,
                    length: 20,
                    child: Text('你好,你有什么特性化?',
                        style:
                            TextStyle(color: Colors.white, fontSize: 14.0))))),

        Padding(
            padding: EdgeInsets.all(4.0),
            child: Container(
                alignment: Alignment.centerRight,
                child: BubbleWidget(300.0, 90.0, Colors.blue.withOpacity(0.7),
                    BubbleArrowDirection.right,
                    child: Text('我可以自定义:\n尖角方向,尖角高度,尖角角度,\n距圆角位置,圆角大小,边框样式等!',
                        style:
                            TextStyle(color: Colors.white, fontSize: 16.0))))),
        Padding(
            padding: EdgeInsets.all(4.0),
            child: Container(
                alignment: Alignment.centerLeft,
                child: BubbleWidget(140.0, 40.0, Colors.cyan.withOpacity(0.7),
                    BubbleArrowDirection.left,
                    child: Text('你有什么不足?',
                        style:
                            TextStyle(color: Colors.white, fontSize: 14.0))))),
        Padding(
            padding: EdgeInsets.all(4.0),
            child: Container(
                alignment: Alignment.centerRight,
                child: BubbleWidget(350.0, 60.0, Colors.green.withOpacity(0.7),
                    BubbleArrowDirection.right,
                    child: Text('我现在还不会动态计算高度,只可用作背景!',
                        style:
                            TextStyle(color: Colors.white, fontSize: 16.0))))),
        Padding(
            padding: EdgeInsets.all(4.0),
            child: Container(
                alignment: Alignment.centerLeft,
                child: BubbleWidget(
                    105.0,
                    60.0,
                    Colors.deepOrange.withOpacity(0.7),
                    BubbleArrowDirection.left,
                    child: Text('继续加油!',
                        style:
                            TextStyle(color: Colors.white, fontSize: 16.0))))),
      ]),
      appBar: AppBar(
        centerTitle: true,
        leading: GestureDetector(
          child: Icon(Icons.arrow_back_ios,
              size: 20, color: Color(0xff333333)),
          onTap: () {
            Navigator.of(context).maybePop();
          },
        ),
        title: Text(
          '气泡合集',
          style: TextStyle(color: Colors.black),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

作者:StevenHu

本博客所有文章如无特别注明均为原创。作者:flutter教程网复制或转载请以超链接形式注明转自 Flutter教程网
原文地址《Flutter 非常丰富的消息气泡效果合集
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