解决flutter的showModalBottomSheet高度坑

在使用官方的showModalBottomSheet这个组件时到目前为止遇到了三个比较坑的地方:

1. 无法直接设置圆角;

2. 组件最多只能撑满半屏幕,再多就出界了;

3. 在这个组件里面如果有选择按钮等其他一些需要改变状态的组件时,即便使用setState,状态也无法更新。

我们解决完后的效果如下,

点击查看原图

解决问题一:

http://www.flutterj.com/?post=153

解决问题二:系统的bottomSheet最大高度是屏幕的一半,原因是源码里面限制了最大高度:

maxHeight: constraints.maxHeight * 9.0 / 16.0,
我们解决办法是直接把源码文件考出来,把这个值给去掉即可。拷贝源码唯一需要注意的一点是import导包时,源码的import 路径和我们自己导的路径不同,

源码的import:1.png

我们导入的import:

2.png

嫌麻烦的话,文末有已经修改好的可以直接使用的bottomSheet文件。只是修改了maxHeight这个限制属性。这个去掉后,bottomSheet就没有最大高度限制了。

解决问题三:在bottomSheet里面如果有需要更改状态的组件,例如CheckBox的选中、未选中状态,这时setState(){}发现bottomSheet本身没有更新。
这边想到的方法是使用evenbus,在bottomSheet里面需要更新的地方发射更新信息,在拷贝出的系统源码中加入listen即可,如下:

@override
  void initState() {
    super.initState();
    Manager.instance.eventBus.on<RefreshBottomSheetEvent>().listen((event) {
      setState(() {
      });
    });
  }
fire消息的代码:

Manager.instance.eventBus.fire(RefreshBottomSheetEvent());
这个event:

class RefreshBottomSheetEvent {
  RefreshBottomSheetEvent();
}

下面这个即为整个修改源码的bottomSheet,改动的地方:

1. maxHeight

2.添加了eventBus的listen

// Copyright 2015 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
 
import 'dart:async';
 
import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/widgets.dart';
 
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:flutter/widgets.dart';
import 'package:phone_assistant/event/ContactRefreshEvent.dart';
import 'package:phone_assistant/event/RefreshBottomSheetEvent.dart';
 
import '../../Manager.dart';
 
const Duration _kBottomSheetDuration = Duration(milliseconds: 200);
const double _kMinFlingVelocity = 700.0;
const double _kCloseProgressThreshold = 0.5;
 
/// A material design bottom sheet.
///
/// There are two kinds of bottom sheets in material design:
///
///  * _Persistent_. A persistent bottom sheet shows information that
///    supplements the primary content of the app. A persistent bottom sheet
///    remains visible even when the user interacts with other parts of the app.
///    Persistent bottom sheets can be created and displayed with the
///    [ScaffoldState.showBottomSheet] function or by specifying the
///    [Scaffold.bottomSheet] constructor parameter.
///
///  * _Modal_. A modal bottom sheet is an alternative to a menu or a dialog and
///    prevents the user from interacting with the rest of the app. Modal bottom
///    sheets can be created and displayed with the [showModalBottomSheet]
///    function.
///
/// The [BottomSheet] widget itself is rarely used directly. Instead, prefer to
/// create a persistent bottom sheet with [ScaffoldState.showBottomSheet] or
/// [Scaffold.bottomSheet], and a modal bottom sheet with [showModalBottomSheet].
///
/// See also:
///
///  * [showBottomSheet] and [ScaffoldState.showBottomSheet], for showing
///    non-modal "persistent" bottom sheets.
///  * [showModalBottomSheet], which can be used to display a modal bottom
///    sheet.
///  * <https://material.io/design/components/sheets-bottom.html>
class BottomSheet extends StatefulWidget {
  /// Creates a bottom sheet.
  ///
  /// Typically, bottom sheets are created implicitly by
  /// [ScaffoldState.showBottomSheet], for persistent bottom sheets, or by
  /// [showModalBottomSheet], for modal bottom sheets.
  const BottomSheet({
    Key key,
    this.animationController,
    this.enableDrag = true,
    this.elevation = 0.0,
    @required this.onClosing,
    @required this.builder,
  }) : assert(enableDrag != null),
       assert(onClosing != null),
       assert(builder != null),
       assert(elevation != null && elevation >= 0.0),
       super(key: key);
 
  /// The animation that controls the bottom sheet's position.
  ///
  /// The BottomSheet widget will manipulate the position of this animation, it
  /// is not just a passive observer.
  final AnimationController animationController;
 
  /// Called when the bottom sheet begins to close.
  ///
  /// A bottom sheet might be prevented from closing (e.g., by user
  /// interaction) even after this callback is called. For this reason, this
  /// callback might be call multiple times for a given bottom sheet.
  final VoidCallback onClosing;
 
  /// A builder for the contents of the sheet.
  ///
  /// The bottom sheet will wrap the widget produced by this builder in a
  /// [Material] widget.
  final WidgetBuilder builder;
 
  /// If true, the bottom sheet can dragged up and down and dismissed by swiping
  /// downwards.
  ///
  /// Default is true.
  final bool enableDrag;
 
  /// The z-coordinate at which to place this material relative to its parent.
  ///
  /// This controls the size of the shadow below the material.
  ///
  /// Defaults to 0. The value is non-negative.
  final double elevation;
 
  @override
  _BottomSheetState createState() => _BottomSheetState();
 
  /// Creates an animation controller suitable for controlling a [BottomSheet].
  static AnimationController createAnimationController(TickerProvider vsync) {
    return AnimationController(
      duration: _kBottomSheetDuration,
      debugLabel: 'BottomSheet',
      vsync: vsync,
    );
  }
}
 
class _BottomSheetState extends State<BottomSheet> {
 
  @override
  void initState() {
    super.initState();
 
    Manager.instance.eventBus.on<RefreshBottomSheetEvent>().listen((event) {
      setState(() {
 
      });
    });
 
  }
 
  final GlobalKey _childKey = GlobalKey(debugLabel: 'BottomSheet child');
 
  double get _childHeight {
    final RenderBox renderBox = _childKey.currentContext.findRenderObject();
    return renderBox.size.height;
  }
 
  bool get _dismissUnderway => widget.animationController.status == AnimationStatus.reverse;
 
  void _handleDragUpdate(DragUpdateDetails details) {
    if (_dismissUnderway)
      return;
    widget.animationController.value -= details.primaryDelta / (_childHeight ?? details.primaryDelta);
  }
 
  void _handleDragEnd(DragEndDetails details) {
    if (_dismissUnderway)
      return;
    if (details.velocity.pixelsPerSecond.dy > _kMinFlingVelocity) {
      final double flingVelocity = -details.velocity.pixelsPerSecond.dy / _childHeight;
      if (widget.animationController.value > 0.0)
        widget.animationController.fling(velocity: flingVelocity);
      if (flingVelocity < 0.0)
        widget.onClosing();
    } else if (widget.animationController.value < _kCloseProgressThreshold) {
      if (widget.animationController.value > 0.0)
        widget.animationController.fling(velocity: -1.0);
      widget.onClosing();
    } else {
      widget.animationController.forward();
    }
  }
 
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    final Widget bottomSheet = Material(
      key: _childKey,
      elevation: widget.elevation,
      child: widget.builder(context),
    );
    return !widget.enableDrag ? bottomSheet : GestureDetector(
      onVerticalDragUpdate: _handleDragUpdate,
      onVerticalDragEnd: _handleDragEnd,
      child: bottomSheet,
      excludeFromSemantics: true,
    );
  }
}
 
// PERSISTENT BOTTOM SHEETS
 
// See scaffold.dart
 
 
// MODAL BOTTOM SHEETS
 
class _ModalBottomSheetLayout extends SingleChildLayoutDelegate {
  _ModalBottomSheetLayout(this.progress);
 
  final double progress;
 
  @override
  BoxConstraints getConstraintsForChild(BoxConstraints constraints) {
    return BoxConstraints(
      minWidth: constraints.maxWidth,
      maxWidth: constraints.maxWidth,
      minHeight: 0.0,
//      maxHeight: constraints.maxHeight * 9.0 / 16.0,
    );
  }
 
  @override
  Offset getPositionForChild(Size size, Size childSize) {
    return Offset(0.0, size.height - childSize.height * progress);
  }
 
  @override
  bool shouldRelayout(_ModalBottomSheetLayout oldDelegate) {
    return progress != oldDelegate.progress;
  }
}
 
class _ModalBottomSheet<T> extends StatefulWidget {
  const _ModalBottomSheet({ Key key, this.route }) : super(key: key);
 
  final _ModalBottomSheetRoute<T> route;
 
  @override
  _ModalBottomSheetState<T> createState() => _ModalBottomSheetState<T>();
}
 
class _ModalBottomSheetState<T> extends State<_ModalBottomSheet<T>> {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    final MediaQueryData mediaQuery = MediaQuery.of(context);
    final MaterialLocalizations localizations = MaterialLocalizations.of(context);
    String routeLabel;
    switch (defaultTargetPlatform) {
      case TargetPlatform.iOS:
        routeLabel = '';
        break;
      case TargetPlatform.android:
      case TargetPlatform.fuchsia:
        routeLabel = localizations.dialogLabel;
        break;
    }
 
    return GestureDetector(
      excludeFromSemantics: true,
      onTap: () => Navigator.pop(context),
      child: AnimatedBuilder(
        animation: widget.route.animation,
        builder: (BuildContext context, Widget child) {
          // Disable the initial animation when accessible navigation is on so
          // that the semantics are added to the tree at the correct time.
          final double animationValue = mediaQuery.accessibleNavigation ? 1.0 : widget.route.animation.value;
          return Semantics(
            scopesRoute: true,
            namesRoute: true,
            label: routeLabel,
            explicitChildNodes: true,
            child: ClipRect(
              child: CustomSingleChildLayout(
                delegate: _ModalBottomSheetLayout(animationValue),
                child: BottomSheet(
                  animationController: widget.route._animationController,
                  onClosing: () => Navigator.pop(context),
                  builder: widget.route.builder,
                ),
              ),
            ),
          );
        },
      ),
    );
  }
}
 
class _ModalBottomSheetRoute<T> extends PopupRoute<T> {
  _ModalBottomSheetRoute({
    this.builder,
    this.theme,
    this.barrierLabel,
    RouteSettings settings,
  }) : super(settings: settings);
 
  final WidgetBuilder builder;
  final ThemeData theme;
 
  @override
  Duration get transitionDuration => _kBottomSheetDuration;
 
  @override
  bool get barrierDismissible => true;
 
  @override
  final String barrierLabel;
 
  @override
  Color get barrierColor => Colors.black54;
 
  AnimationController _animationController;
 
  @override
  AnimationController createAnimationController() {
    assert(_animationController == null);
    _animationController = BottomSheet.createAnimationController(navigator.overlay);
    return _animationController;
  }
 
  @override
  Widget buildPage(BuildContext context, Animation<double> animation, Animation<double> secondaryAnimation) {
    // By definition, the bottom sheet is aligned to the bottom of the page
    // and isn't exposed to the top padding of the MediaQuery.
    Widget bottomSheet = MediaQuery.removePadding(
      context: context,
      removeTop: true,
      child: _ModalBottomSheet<T>(route: this),
    );
    if (theme != null)
      bottomSheet = Theme(data: theme, child: bottomSheet);
    return bottomSheet;
  }
}
 
/// Shows a modal material design bottom sheet.
///
/// A modal bottom sheet is an alternative to a menu or a dialog and prevents
/// the user from interacting with the rest of the app.
///
/// A closely related widget is a persistent bottom sheet, which shows
/// information that supplements the primary content of the app without
/// preventing the use from interacting with the app. Persistent bottom sheets
/// can be created and displayed with the [showBottomSheet] function or the
/// [ScaffoldState.showBottomSheet] method.
///
/// The `context` argument is used to look up the [Navigator] and [Theme] for
/// the bottom sheet. It is only used when the method is called. Its
/// corresponding widget can be safely removed from the tree before the bottom
/// sheet is closed.
///
/// Returns a `Future` that resolves to the value (if any) that was passed to
/// [Navigator.pop] when the modal bottom sheet was closed.
///
/// See also:
///
///  * [BottomSheet], which is the widget normally returned by the function
///    passed as the `builder` argument to [showModalBottomSheet].
///  * [showBottomSheet] and [ScaffoldState.showBottomSheet], for showing
///    non-modal bottom sheets.
///  * <https://material.io/design/components/sheets-bottom.html#modal-bottom-sheet>
Future<T> showModalBottomSheetCustom<T>({
  @required BuildContext context,
  @required WidgetBuilder builder,
}) {
  assert(context != null);
  assert(builder != null);
  assert(debugCheckHasMaterialLocalizations(context));
  return Navigator.push(context, _ModalBottomSheetRoute<T>(
    builder: builder,
    theme: Theme.of(context, shadowThemeOnly: true),
    barrierLabel: MaterialLocalizations.of(context).modalBarrierDismissLabel,
  ));
}
 
/// Shows a persistent material design bottom sheet in the nearest [Scaffold].
///
/// Returns a controller that can be used to close and otherwise manipulate the
/// bottom sheet.
///
/// To rebuild the bottom sheet (e.g. if it is stateful), call
/// [PersistentBottomSheetController.setState] on the controller returned by
/// this method.
///
/// The new bottom sheet becomes a [LocalHistoryEntry] for the enclosing
/// [ModalRoute] and a back button is added to the appbar of the [Scaffold]
/// that closes the bottom sheet.
///
/// To create a persistent bottom sheet that is not a [LocalHistoryEntry] and
/// does not add a back button to the enclosing Scaffold's appbar, use the
/// [Scaffold.bottomSheet] constructor parameter.
///
/// A persistent bottom sheet shows information that supplements the primary
/// content of the app. A persistent bottom sheet remains visible even when
/// the user interacts with other parts of the app.
///
/// A closely related widget is a modal bottom sheet, which is an alternative
/// to a menu or a dialog and prevents the user from interacting with the rest
/// of the app. Modal bottom sheets can be created and displayed with the
/// [showModalBottomSheet] function.
///
/// The `context` argument is used to look up the [Scaffold] for the bottom
/// sheet. It is only used when the method is called. Its corresponding widget
/// can be safely removed from the tree before the bottom sheet is closed.
///
/// See also:
///
///  * [BottomSheet], which is the widget typically returned by the `builder`.
///  * [showModalBottomSheet], which can be used to display a modal bottom
///    sheet.
///  * [Scaffold.of], for information about how to obtain the [BuildContext].
///  * <https://material.io/design/components/sheets-bottom.html#standard-bottom-sheet>
PersistentBottomSheetController<T> showBottomSheet<T>({
  @required BuildContext context,
  @required WidgetBuilder builder,
}) {
  assert(context != null);
  assert(builder != null);
  return Scaffold.of(context).showBottomSheet<T>(builder);
}
感谢https://blog.csdn.net/cpcpcp123/article/details/97660036

本博客所有文章如无特别注明均为原创。作者:flutter教程网复制或转载请以超链接形式注明转自 Flutter教程网
原文地址《解决flutter的showModalBottomSheet高度坑
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